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    Author(s): R.S. Walters; L.R. Auchmoody
    Date: 1989
    Source: Landscape and Urban Planning. 17: 127-133.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.0 MB)


    Brine from active oil wells seeped through the soil of a forested site in north-western Pennsylvania and killed all vegetation in its path, leaving the affected area unproductive and unsightly. After the brine source was eliminated, herbaceous plants, shrubs and forest tree seedlings became established and developed rapidly. Establishment began in the first year and by year 4 the site had developed into a healthy young forest. Results show that Allegheny hardwood forest sites damaged by brine water will rapidly revegetate once the brine discharge is stopped if there is a seed supply and if the area is fenced to exclude deer.

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    Walters, R.S.; Auchmoody, L.R. 1989. Vegetation re-establishment on a hardwood forest site denuded by brine. Landscape and Urban Planning. 17: 127-133.

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