Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Richard M. DeGraaf
    Date: 1991
    Source: Landscape and Urban Planning. 21: 173-180.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    Winter bird communities were compared in three suburbs over 5 years: MT, a 70-year-old area of large houses and planted mature trees, primarily oaks (Quercus) and elms (Ulmus); YT, a 15-year-old area also built upon former open agricultural land with young planted trees, primarily maples (Acer); OP, a 15-year-old area in which houses were built within a second-growth oak-pine (Quercus-Pinus) woodland. Winter bird surveys were conducted each year for 5 years (1976-1980) during January. The total number of species across suburban types was 32; total abundance was higher (P<0.05) in MT and YT than in OP. Species richness was similar in each suburban type. Seedeaters and omnivorous ground-foragers dominated the avifaunas of MT and YT, comprising 86% and 92% of their respective avifaunal abundances. Insectivores comprised 14% of the avifauna in OP, but less than 4% and 1%, respectively, in MT and YT. All significant correlations (r) between ground foragers and measures of tree cover were negative; positive relationships existed between lawn area and distance to the nearest forest fragment. All significant correlations between numbers of insectivores and measures of tree cover were positive. Even though MT contained the largest trees and the greatest tree species and shrub richness, habitat conditions for insectivorous birds were poor in this mature, planted habitat compared with those in OP, built in remnant natural woodland.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    DeGraaf, Richard M. 1991. Winter foraging guild structure and habitat associations in suburban bird communities. Landscape and Urban Planning. 21: 173-180.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/53919