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    Author(s): Eini Lowell; D.R. Becker; D. Smith; M. Kauffman; D. Bihn
    Date: 2017
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-953. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 46 p.
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (42.0 MB)

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    Community Biomass Handbook Volume 4


    The Community Biomass Handbook Volume 4: Enterprise Development for Integrated Wood Manufacturing is a guide for creating sustainable business enterprises using small diameter logs and biomass. This fourth volume is a companion to three Community Biomass Handbook volumes: Volume 1: Thermal Wood Energy; Volume 2: Alaska, Where Woody Biomass Can Work; and Volume 3: How Wood Energy is Revitalizing Rural Alaska. This volume is designed to help business partnerships, forest managers, and community groups rapidly explore and evaluate integrated manufacturing opportunities. The handbook is particularly relevant to communities and business near public lands and identifies the types of information needed when considering biomass utilization, and walks users through the initial stages of project scoping and design by:

    Creating mutual understanding —from start to finish, communication is critical. This handbook illustrates how the interests and expertise of key stakeholders—forest managers, business entrepreneurs, and community partners—enables project success. This section of the handbook includes detailed information about the types of knowledge needed at each step of an integrated wood manufacturing process, and which stakeholders can provide assistance.

    Integrated approach to biomass utilization —businesses configured to produce multiple products allow merchandizing of biomass to its highest value. This section of the handbook helps users identify viable combinations of complementary, integrated product manufacturing that makes financial sense and helps agency partners structure projects to support existing and emerging markets.

    Biomass Enterprise Economic Model —the model introduced in this handbook provides an interactive platform to match conversion technologies to easy-to-understand scenario testing based on feedstock quality and quantity, raw material costs, capital expenses, finished product values, and more. By putting this knowledge at the fingertips of local partners, informed decisions can be made early in the planning process to increase the chances of success.

    Mobilizing to create action —one outcome of using this handbook is a plan identifying the types and amount of material available, matched with realistic business options. Another outcome is a coordinated effort to invest in the local economy through sustainable biomass utilization that enhances forest health and reduces wildfire risks. This section of the handbook will help you to identify specific outputs to keep your project moving.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Lowell, E.C.; Becker, D.R.; Smith, D.; Kauffman, M.; Bihn, D. 2017. Community biomass handbook volume 4: enterprise development for integrated wood manufacturing. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-953. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 46 p.


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    Biomass utilization, integrated wood products manufacturing, biomass enterprise economic model.

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