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    Author(s): David S. deCalesta
    Date: 1994
    Source: Landscape and Urban Planning. 28: 41-53.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (617.0 KB)


    High white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) density and interfering vegetation were identified as factors affecting the regeneration of hardwood forests in the Allegheny National Forest and surrounding forests in northwestern Pennsylvania. Research was designed by Forest Service scientists to quantify these effects. A high degree of interest in the impact of these effects on the diversity of forest resources led to additional research. Scientists, natural resource managers, and private timber interests used the research findings on the impacts of deer and interfering vegetation on regeneration and diversity to produce newsletters, tours, symposia, and to make presentations to groups of legislators, environmentalists and other influential segments of the public. This combined research-educational effort has been associated with the enactment of hunting regulations designed to reduce deer density and for registration and continued use of herbicides to control interfering vegetation. Both actions have the potential to increase the diversity of songbirds and woody and herbaceous vegetation in forest lands. The challenge is to sustain directed management of deer density and interfering vegetation until these factors are controlled to the point where they no longer negatively impact the diversity of forest resources.

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    deCalesta, David S. 1994. Deer and diversity in Allegheny hardwood forests: managing an unlikely challenge. Landscape and Urban Planning. 28: 41-53.

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