Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Hewlette S. Crawford
    Date: 1982
    Source: Journal of Wildlife Management. 46(4): 974-982.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    Seasonal food selection and digestibility by tame white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were studied in the white pine (Pinus strobus)–Canada hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) and lowland conifer types, areas representative of important deer habitat in the northeastern United States. Deer selected highly digestible late spring, summer, and autumn diets. Winter and early spring food were less digestible. Forbs and newly grown leaves of hardwood plants were the most commonly selected late spring and summer foods; mushrooms and hardwood leaves were selected during autumn. Winter foods consisted largely of green and dry leaves of conifers and hardwoods gleaned from the snow surface. Early growth of grasses and sedges and dried red maple (Acer rubrum) leaves were selected as soon as the snow left the ground in early spring. Lignaceous woody twigs, fems, and trailing-arbutus (Epigaea repens) also were consumed during this period, reducing the overall digestibility of the diet.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Crawford, Hewlette S. 1982. Seasonal food selection and digestibility by tame white-tailed deer in central Maine. Journal of Wildlife Management. 46(4): 974-982.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/53979