Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    Landscapes are characterized by their structure (the spatial arrangement of landscape elements), their ecological function (how ecological processes operate within that structure), and the dynamics of change (disturbance and recovery). Thus, understanding the dynamic nature of landscapes and predicting their future dynamics are of particular emphasis. Landscape change is difficult to study because controlled experiments at landscape scales often are not feasible for political, economic, social and logistical reasons. Opportunistic studies of change (e.g., after a large fire) are often confounded by uncontrolled factors. For these reasons, changes in landscape pattern are often studied using simulation models.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Gustafson, Eric J. 2017. Simulating forest management and its effect on landscape pattern. In: Gergel, Sarah E.; Turner Monica G., eds. Learning landscape ecology: a practical guide to concepts and techniques, 2nd edition. New York, NY: Springer-Verlag: 143-156.


    Google Scholar

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page