Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): James R. McKenna; Oriana Rueda-Krauss; Brian Beheler
    Date: 2011
    Source: Tree Planters' Notes. 54(2): 32-37.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    For forestry research purposes, grid planting with uniform tree spacing is superior to planting with nonuniform spacing because it controls density across the plantation and facilitates accurate repeat measurements. The ability to cross-check tree positions in a grid-type plantation avoids problems associated with dead or missing trees and increases the efficiency and accuracy of data collection. Such features are particularly beneficial for long-term research plantations. The time and effort required to achieve an accurate grid plantation can be substantial, however, especially in large plantations. This article describes a new, efficient system for machine planting trees on a grid that is useful for a variety of forestry progeny tests—the "Wright-Michigan State University" (W-MSU) method developed by the late Dr. Jonathan Wright and others at Michigan State University. This study compared the W-MSU method with more labor-intensive and common methods of planting trees on a precise grid (direct seeding and planting into augered holes) and found the accuracy of spacing trees was statistically similar among the three methods.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    McKenna, James R.; Rueda-Krauss, Oriana; Beheler, Brian. 2011. A highly efficient machine planting system for forestry research plantations—the Wright-MSU method. Tree Planters' Notes. 54(2): 32-37.

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/54219