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    Author(s): Shawn FraverBrian J. Palik
    Date: 2012
    Source: Journal of Vegetation Science. 23: 249-259.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (919.0 KB)

    Description

    The wide range of stand and age-cohort structures in these old-growth P. resinosa stands depicts pre-settlement forests more complex than those of the single-cohort, post-stand-replacing-fire model that has guided regional forest management. Within-stand patchiness of cohort age structures implies disturbances operating at scales smaller than typically associated with this regional forest type. Presence of non-pine 'ingrowth' on all sites might suggest that P. resinosa stands supporting these species liewithin the natural range of variability for this community type, representing situations in which surface fires did not occur for extended periods or were spatially patchy at the stand scale. The diversity of reference conditions documented here suggests targets that might guide ecological restoration prescriptions for these ecosystems, with the goal of reintroducing structural and compositional complexity reflecting natural disturbance and stand development.

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    Citation

    Fraver, Shawn; Palik, Brian J. 2012. Stand and cohort structures of old-growth Pinus resinosa-dominated forests of northern Minnesota, USA. Journal of Vegetation Science. 23: 249-259.

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    Keywords

    Coarse woody debris, Dendrochronology, Forest disturbance, Red pine, Reference conditions, Stand dynamics, White pine, Wildfire

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