Skip to Main Content
Stand and cohort structures of old-growth Pinus resinosa-dominated forests of northern Minnesota, USAAuthor(s): Shawn Fraver; Brian J. Palik
Source: Journal of Vegetation Science. 23: 249-259.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
View PDF (919.0 KB)
DescriptionThe wide range of stand and age-cohort structures in these old-growth P. resinosa stands depicts pre-settlement forests more complex than those of the single-cohort, post-stand-replacing-fire model that has guided regional forest management. Within-stand patchiness of cohort age structures implies disturbances operating at scales smaller than typically associated with this regional forest type. Presence of non-pine 'ingrowth' on all sites might suggest that P. resinosa stands supporting these species liewithin the natural range of variability for this community type, representing situations in which surface fires did not occur for extended periods or were spatially patchy at the stand scale. The diversity of reference conditions documented here suggests targets that might guide ecological restoration prescriptions for these ecosystems, with the goal of reintroducing structural and compositional complexity reflecting natural disturbance and stand development.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationFraver, Shawn; Palik, Brian J. 2012. Stand and cohort structures of old-growth Pinus resinosa-dominated forests of northern Minnesota, USA. Journal of Vegetation Science. 23: 249-259.
KeywordsCoarse woody debris, Dendrochronology, Forest disturbance, Red pine, Reference conditions, Stand dynamics, White pine, Wildfire
- Influence of competition and age on tree growth in structurally complex old-growth forests in northern Minnesota, USA
- New cohort growth and survival in variable retention harvests of a pine ecosystem in Minnesota, USA
- Age, size and regeneration of old growth white pine at Dividing Lake Nature Reserve, Algonquin Park, Ontario
XML: View XML