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    Author(s): B. Strahm; R. Sweigard; J. Burger; D. Graves; C. Zipper; C. Barton; J. Skousen; P. Angel
    Date: 2017
    Source: In: Adams, Mary Beth, ed. The Forestry Reclamation Approach: guide to successful reforestation of mined lands. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-169. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 5-1 – 5-6.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (686.0 KB)

    Description

    Successful surface coal mining businesses must move earth materials efficiently, so mining operations today depend on large and heavy equipment (Fig. 5-1). Track dozers and haul trucks used for mining can weigh more than 100 tons each. Wheel loaders and loaded haul trucks often exceed 200 tons. The mining industry has learned that successful reforestation of reclaimed sites requires loose and uncompacted surface materials, but some areas become compacted due to the machinery operation, traffic, and storage that are necessary for the mining business to be successful.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Strahm, B.; Sweigard, R.; Burger, J.; Graves, D.; Zipper, C.; Barton, C.; Skousen, J.; Angel, P. 2017. Chapter 5: Loosening compacted soils on mined lands. In: Adams, Mary Beth, ed. The Forestry Reclamation Approach: guide to successful reforestation of mined lands. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-169. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station: 5-1 – 5-6.

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