Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    The conservation of narrow endemic species relies on accurate information regarding their population structure. Juglans hopeiensis Hu (Ma walnut), found only in Hebei province, Beijing, and Tianjin, China, is a threatened tree species valued commercially for its nut and wood. Sequences of two maternally inherited mitochondrial markers and two maternally inherited chloroplast intergenic spacers, three nuclear DNA sequences, and allele sizes from 11 microsatellites were obtained from 108 individuals of J. hopeiensis, Juglans regia, and Juglans mandshurica. Haplotype networks were constructed using NETWORK. Genetic diversity, population differentiation, and analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) were used to determine genetic structure. MEGA was used to construct phylogenetic trees. Genetic diversity of J. hopeiensis was moderate based on nuclear DNA, but low based on uniparentally inherited mitochondrial DNA and chloroplast DNA. Haplotype networks showed that J. hopeiensis haplotypes were different than haplotypes found in J. regia and J. mandshurica. Allelic variants in nuclear genes that were shared among J. hopeiensis populations were not found in J. regia or J. mandshurica. Sampled populations of J. hopeiensis showed clear genetic structure. The maximum parsimony (MP) tree showed J. hopeiensis to be distinct from J. mandshurica but threatened by hybridization with J. regia and J. mandshurica. J. hopeiensis populations are strongly differentiated from sympatric Juglans species, but they are threatened by small population sizes and hybridization.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Hu, Yiheng; Dang, Meng; Feng, Xiaojia; Woeste, Keith; Zhao, Peng. 2017. Genetic diversity and population structure in the narrow endemic Chinese walnut Juglans hopeiensis Hu: implications for conservation. Tree Genetics & Genomes. 13(4): 91.


    Google Scholar


    Chinese walnut, Hybridization, Conservation, Genetic differentiation, Microsatellites, Juglans regia, Juglans mandshurica

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page