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    Description

    Understanding the environmental, economic, and social/community benefits of nature, in particular trees and forests, can lead to better vegetation management and designs to optimize environmental quality and human health for current and future generations. Computer models have been developed to assess forest composition and its associated effects on environmental quality and human health. While research is still needed regarding many of the environmental services that trees provide, resource managers can utilize existing models to better understand the role of vegetation in improving human health and environmental quality, lower costs of maintenance, and increase resource stewardship as an effective means to provide substantial economic savings to society.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Nowak, David J. 2017. Assessing the benefits and economic values of trees. In: Ferrini, Francesco; van den Bosch, Cecil C.K.; Fini, Alessio, eds. Routledge handbook of urban forestry. New York, NY: Routledge: 152-163. Chapter 11.

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/54838