Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    Low-grade hardwood logs are the by-product of logging operations and, more frequently today, urban tree removals. The market prices for these logs is low, as is the value recovered from their logs when producing traditional forest products such as pallet parts, railroad ties, landscaping mulch, or chips for pulp. However, the emergence of cross-laminated timber (CLT) for building construction in North America may provide an additional and possibly a more valuable product market for low-grade, low-value hardwood logs. Using the RaySaw sawing and ROMI rough mill simulators and a digital databank of laser-scanned low-grade yellow-poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera) logs, we examine the yield-recovery potential for lumber used in the production of CLT.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Thomas, R. Edward; Buehlmann, Urs. 2017. Using low-grade hardwoods for CLT production: a yield analysis. In: Möttönen, V.; Heinonen, E., eds. Proceedings of the 6th international scientific conference on hardwood processing; 2017 September 25-28; Lahti, Finland. Helsinki, Findland: Natural Resources Institute of Finland: 199-206.

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page