Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): C.Y. Li; E. Strzelczyk
    Date: 2002
    Source: Phyton (Horn, Austria). 40(4): 129-134
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: View PDF  (32 KB)


    Nitrogen-fixing bacteria associated with mycorrhizal fungi and mycorrhizas can be demonstrated with microaerophilic procedures. The chemical substrates in mycorrhizal fungi or mycorrhizas often stimulate the growth and nitrogenase activity of the associated N2 fixers. In addition, the associated N2 fixers are producers of plant-growth-promoting substances and B-group vitamins. Combined inoculation of mycorrhizal fungi with N2 fixers enhances mycorrhiza formation. Other microbes in the mycorrhizosphere have capacities to breakdown primary minerals, thereby releasing nutrients available for uptake by plants. Thus, land restoration can be achieved by planting trees with nitrogen-fixing and rock weathering capacities, such as alders and some pines. The treatment can enhance nutrient availability and increase soil organic matter that provides organic substrate for nutrient release, maintain soil structure and enhance water-holding capacity. Also changes in tree species compositions on the site are likely to alter belowground processes through changes in functional processes of organisms that constitute ecosystems.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Li, C.Y.; Strzelczyk, E. 2002. Belowground microbial processes underpin forest productivity. Phyton (Horn, Austria). 40(4): 129-134


    Microbial processes, ecological functions, microbial interactions

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page