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    Author(s): Jo Anne Shatkin; Kimberly J. Ong; James D. Ede; Theodore H. Wegner; Michael Goergen
    Date: 2016
    Source: TAPPI Journal. 15(6): 425-437.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (846.0 KB)


    Commercialization of cellulose nanomaterials (CNs) is rapidly advancing, to the benefit of many end-use product sectors, and providing information about the safe manufacturing and handling for CNs is a priority. Safety Data Sheets (SDS) are required for industrially produced materials to communicate information on their potential health, fire, reactivity, and environmental hazards, and to provide recommendations on how to safely work with these materials. Cellulose and cellulose pulp, which have widespread commercial end uses, can create nuisance dusts when dried and are required to have SDS. We therefore expect that nanoscale forms of cellulose will also require SDS. This study identifies the currently available SDS information for CNs and highlights existing gaps in our knowledge. With U.S. and international adoption of the Globally Harmonized System (GHS) for Hazard Communication, producers are required to report SDS known data and data gaps. Given the novelty of all nanomaterials, it is preferable to fill these gaps in SDS as a demonstration of our commitment to the safe production and use of these materials. To evaluate the availability of SDS information and prepare for commercialization of CNs, we assessed available safety information for CNs to identify available GHS SDS data, data gaps, and what data need to yet be developed to fully classify CNs according to the GHS. Specifically, we report on the available data and gaps regarding the toxicological profile, environmental characteristics, physical and chemical properties, exposure controls, and personal protection for cellulose nanomaterials, to encourage the development of missing data and advance safe commercialization.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Shatkin, Jo Anne; Ong, Kimberly J.; Ede, James D.; Wegner, Theodore H.; Goergen, Michael. 2016. Toward cellulose nanomaterial commercialization: knowledge gap analysis for safety data sheets according to the globally harmonized system. TAPPI Journal. 15(6): 425-437.


    Cellulose nanomaterial (CNs), safety, safety data sheets (SDS), toxicology, occupational safety and health, globally harmonized system (GHS)

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