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    The primary aim of this article is to enhance understanding about how two commonly used PPGIS approaches—community workshops and internet surveys—differ in who they bring to the environmental planning table. A secondary aim is to expand knowledge about favored destinations and activities associated with public forest road networks, with a focus on exploring how favored destinations and activities differ for urban and rural residents. Our study contributes to the field of environmental planning and management in several ways. First, it helps fill the gap in knowledge about whether and how different types of PPGIS approaches differ in terms of the publics that they are able to engage in environmental deliberation processes. Second, very little research has been published regarding the uses and values different segments of the public associate with forest road networks on public lands. Given that many countries have extensive forest road networks on public lands, this is an important knowledge gap that our study addresses. From a practical standpoint, the lessons learned from this PPGIS project can inform the development of more effective and broader reaching PPGIS strategies and data analysis procedures for a variety of environmental planning situations.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    McLain, Rebecca J.; Banis, David; Todd, Alexa; Cerveny, Lee K. 2017. Multiple methods of public engagement: Disaggregating socio-spatial data for environmental planning in western Washington, USA. Journal of Environmental Management. 204: 61-74.


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    Public participation GIS, social values, environmental planning, forest transportation planning, stakeholder participation, public involvement

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