Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Andrew B. Carey
    Date: 2000
    Source: Ecological Applications. 10(1): 1-100; 248-257.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    PDF: Download Publication  (669 KB)


    Two strategies for managing forests for multiple values have achieved prominence in debates in the Pacific Northwest: (1) legacy retention with passive management and long rotations, and (2) intensive management for timber with commercial thinnings and long rotations. Northern flying squirrels (Glaucomys sabrinus), Townsend's chipmunks (Tamias townsendii), and Douglas' squirrels (Tamiasciurus douglasii) were studied retrospectively in Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) forests managed under the alternative strategies in the Puget Trough of Washington. Flying squirrels were twice as abundant under legacy retention as under intensive management for timber, almost as abundant as in old-growth western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) forests on the Olympic Peninsula of Washington, but <50% as abundant as in old-growth Douglas-fir forests in western Oregon. Chipmunks were four times as abundant under intensive timber management, as under legacy retention, but less abundant than in old-growth forests. Abundance of Douglas' squirrels did not differ between strategies. Neither strategy produced the increased abundance of all three species that is an emergent property of late-seral forests. A third strategy holds promise: active, intentional ecosystem management that incorporates legacy retention, variable-density thinning, and management for decadence.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Carey, Andrew B. 2000. Effects of new forest management strategies on squirrel populations. Ecological Applications. 10(1): 1-100; 248-257.


    Douglas fir, ecosystem management, forest ecology, forest management, Glaucomys sabrinus, managed forest, Pacific Northwest, silviculture, squirrels, Tamias townsendii, Tamiasciurus douglasii, thinning, old growth restoration

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page