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    Author(s): Therese M. PolandMarla R. EmeryTina Ciaramitaro; Ed Pigeon; Angie Pigeon
    Date: 2017
    Source: In: Freedman, Eric; Meuzil, Mark, eds. Biodiversity, conservation, and environmental management in the Great Lakes basin. Abingdon, UK: Routledge: 127-140.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (2.0 MB)

    Description

    Native cultures coevolved with the forests of the Great Lakes region following the last ice age. Plentiful water, abundant game, and fertile soil supported fishing, hunting, and gathering, as well as subsistence agriculture. Lakes and tributaries facilitated transportation by canoe and trade among tribes. Native Americans developed a semi-nomadic lifestyle, moving seasonally among camps as they harvested and cultivated foods, medicines, supplies, and ceremonial items (Kurtz et al., 2015). They relied on natural resources for clothing, shelter, and food. Their cultures continue to rely on natural resources, including trees and understory plants (wood, bark, branches, leaves, and nuts), nonvascular plants, fungi, and animals.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Poland, Therese M.; Emery, Marla R.; Ciaramitaro, Tina; Pigeon, Ed; Pigeon, Angie. 2017. ​Emerald ash borer, black ash, and Native American basketmaking. In: Freedman, Eric; Meuzil, Mark, eds. Biodiversity, conservation, and environmental management in the Great Lakes basin. Abingdon, UK: Routledge: 127-140. Chapter 11.

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