Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Martin A. Spetich; Zhaofei Fan; Zhen Sui; Michael Crosby; Hong S. He; Stephen R. ShifleyTheodor D. LeiningerW. Keith. Moser
    Date: 2017
    Source: Forest health monitoring: national status, trends, and analysis 2016. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-222. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (4.0 MB)

    Description

    Stresses to trees under a changing climate can lead to changes in forest tree survival, mortality and distribution.  For instance, a study examining the effects of human-induced climate change on forest biodiversity by Hansen and others (2001) predicted a 32% reduction in loblolly–shortleaf pine habitat across the eastern United States.  However, they also predicted an average increase in area of 34% for oak-hickory forests and a 290% increase in oak-pine forests.  Drought is often a leading cause of stress and mortality in forest trees (Allen and others 2010, Choat and others 2012).
    Drought, whether induced by climate change or other mechanisms, is considered a major inciting factor of forest decline (Leininger 1998, Manion 1981).  For example a drought-induced oak decline event in Arkansas and Missouri that began in 2000 affected up to 120,000 ha in the Ozark National Forest of Arkansas alone (Starkey and others 2004).  A study that examined 1991-2005 data across the southeastern United States found that drought negatively impacted both growth and mortality of pines and mesophytic species, but not oaks (Klos and others 2009).
    In that regard, three phases of research were addressed through this investigation.  In the first phase, regional relationships of mortality and drought across the Ozark Highlands of Arkansas and Missouri were examined.  In the second phase terrestrial vegetation response to climatological influences across 10 states in the southeastern United States was investigated.  In the third phase probabilities were generated predicting future tree species distribution across the southeastern United States. 

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Spetich, Martin A.; Fan, Zhaofei; Sui, Zhen; Crosby, Michael; He, Hong S.; Shifley, Stephen R.; Leininger, Theodor D.; Moser, W. Keith. 2017. Tree mortality estimates and species distribution probabilities in southeastern United States forests

    Keywords

    tree mortality, Ozark Highlands, oak decline, drought

    Related Search


    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page
https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/55545