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    Author(s): Kurt RiittersKevin Potter; Basil V. Iannone; Christopher Oswalt; Songlin Fei; Qinfeng Guo
    Date: 2017
    Source: Diversity and Distributions
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (906.0 KB)

    Related Research Highlights


    SRS-2018-44
    Do roads drive forest plant invasions?

    Description

    Aim: Invasive species occurrence is often related to the anthropogenic context of a given area. Quantifying the effects of roads is of particular interest as roads are a major vector for invasion. Our objective was to further quantify the effects of roads on forest plant invasion through a macroscale, high-resolution investigation to assist effective invasion control and mitigation. Location: Eastern United States. Methods: Using invasive plant data from 23,039 forest inventory plots in 13 ecological provinces, we employed logistic regression to relate the odds of invasion to distance from a road, with adjustments for broadscale differences attributable to ecological provinces, and local scale differences in productivity, forest fragmentation and land use. Results: The overall proportion (P) of invaded plots was 0.58 (0.65 for plots within 50 m of a road), and the highest odds (P/1 − P) of invasion were found in relatively more productive, fragmented forest in landscapes with more than 10% agriculture or developed land cover. Wald chi-square statistics indicated the best predictor of the odds of invasion was ecological province, followed by land use, productivity, forest fragmentation and distance from a road. Depending on the province, the adjusted odds of invasion decreased by up to 23% (typically 4%–10%) per 100 m distance from a road. The adjusted probability of invasion approached zero in only three provinces, for the least productive, least fragmented forest that was at least 2,000 m from a road in landscapes with less than 10% agricultural or developed land cover. Main conclusions: In the eastern United States, the existence of a nearby road is less important than the landscape context associated with the road. A purely road-mediated effect has little practical meaning because anthropogenic activities and roads are pervasive and confounded.

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    Citation

    Riitters, Kurt; Potter, Kevin; Iannone, Basil V.; Oswalt, Christopher; Fei, Songlin; Guo, Qinfeng. 2017. Landscape correlates of forest plant invasions: A high-resolution analysis across the eastern United States. Diversity and Distributions. 24:274-284.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12680.

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    Keywords

    fragmentation, invasive species, land use, macroscale, road ecology

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/55558