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    Silvopasture, the integration of trees and pasture for livestock, has numerous potential benefits for producers. However, size or scale of the operation may affect those benefits. A review of relevant research on the scale and size economies of silvopasture, general forestry, and livestock agriculture was undertaken to better understand potential silvopasture production in the U.S. Southeast. This information was synthesized into a discussion of the factors that might affect production differently at different scales, and adaptations smaller scale producers might use with silvopasture to mitigate problems and enhance benefits tied to scale.

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    Frey, Gregory E.; Comer, Marcus M. 2018. Annotated bibliography on the impacts of size and scale of silvopasture in the Southeastern U.S.A. e-Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-230. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 35 p.


    Agroforestry, economics, management, production, silvopasture, size and scale.

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