Skip to Main Content
Urban forest sustainability in the United StatesAuthor(s): David J. Nowak
Source: In: Ning, Z.; Nowak, D.; Watson, G., eds. Urban forest sustainability. Champaign, IL: International Society of Arboriculture. 2-11.
Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
Station: Northern Research Station
PDF: Download Publication (2.0 MB)
DescriptionUrban forests in the United States provide numerous ecosystem services that vary in magnitude across the country and are valued in the billions of dollars per year. Urban tree cover has been on the decline in recent years. Numerous forces for change will continue to alter urban forests in the coming years (i.e., development, climate change, insects and diseases, invasive plants, wildfires). These forces can both decrease (e.g., via enhanced tree loss) and increase (e.g., via enhanced tree planting and/or natural regeneration) tree cover. On average, about one in three trees are planted in U.S. cities; this proportion varies by land use, ecoregion, and population density. Monitoring the magnitude and characteristics of these natural and human-caused tree gains and losses is important for creating and managing sustainable and healthy urban forests. Such forests often require knowledge of the local forest resource and benefits and the development of long-term urban forest management goals, plans, and monitoring programs. Sustainable and healthy urban forests can help ensure improvements in urban environmental quality, human health, and well-being for current and future generations.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationNowak, David J. 2017. Urban forest sustainability in the United States. In: Ning, Z.; Nowak, D.; Watson, G., eds. Urban forest sustainability. Champaign, IL: International Society of Arboriculture. 2-11.
Keywordsurban tree cover, ecosystem services, development, climate change, forest pests, invasive species
- The atmospheric system: Air quality and greenhouse gases
- Emerging issues in urban ecology: implications for research, social justice, human health, and well-being
- Tree and forest effects on air quality and human health in the United States
XML: View XML