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    Description

    Urban and peri-urban forests produce numerous benefits for society. These include moderating the climate; reducing energy use in buildings; sequestering atmospheric carbon dioxide; improving air and water quality; mitigating rainfall run-off and flooding; providing an aesthetic environment and recreational opportunities; enhancing human health and social well-being; and lowering noise impacts (Dwyer et al., 1992; Nowak and Dwyer, 2007; Dobbs, Martinez-Harms and Kendal, 2017). Inappropriate landscape design, tree selection and tree maintenance, however, can increase environmental costs (e.g. through pollen production and chemical emissions that contribute to air pollution), energy use in buildings, waste disposal, infrastructure repair, and water consumption. These potential costs must be weighed against the benefits when developing natural resource management programmes.

    Publication Notes

    • Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
    • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
    • During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
    • Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Nowak, D.J. 2018. Improving city forests through assessment, modelling and monitoring. Unasylva. 69(1): 30-36.

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/55851