Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    During the past 50 years the moist forests of northern Idaho changed from being dominated by western white pine (Pinus monticola), an early sera! species, to ones dominated by late serial species, grand fir (Abies grandis) and western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla). Variable fire regimes, successional processes and endemic insects and pathogens worked in concert to produce the stable and resilient forests of the past. This conversion to late seral species would take 200 to 300 years depending on fire regime but because of the destabilizing impacts primarily from white pine blister rust (Cronartium ribicola), it took less than 50 years in many places. To reverse these trends and elevate forest stability and resiliency, there is considerable interest in increasing western white pine's abundance.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Jain, Theresa, B. 2001. Biophysical characteristics influencing growth and abundance of western white pine (Pinus monticola) across spatial scales in the Coeur d'Alene River Basin, Idaho. Moscow, ID: University of Idaho. 221 p. Dissertation.


    western white pine, Pinus monticola, restoration

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page