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    Extreme environmental events, such as storm winds, landslides, insect infestations, and wildfire, cause loss of life, resources, and human infrastructure. Disaster riskreduction analysis can be improved with information about past frequency, intensity, and spatial patterns of extreme events. Tree-ring analyses can provide such information: tree rings reflect events as anatomical anomalies or changed growth patterns at an annual- or even sub-annual resolution (Fig. 1). These centuries-long times series of paleo-events are far longer than historical records.

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    Sutherland, Elaine Kennedy; Brewer, P.; Gross, W. 2017. Paleo-event data standards for dendrochronology. Past Global Changes Magazine. 25(3): 163.


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    dendrochronology, tree-ring analyses

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