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    Author(s): Theresa B. JainRussell T. Graham
    Date: 2015
    Source: In: Stanturf, John A., ed. Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, Second Edition. New York: CRC Press. p. 467-493.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (18.0 MB)

    Description

    The complex topography of the Inland Northwestern United States (58.4 million ha) interacts with soils and a highly variable climate to provide a mosaic of dry and moist mixed conifer forest settings. Approximately 20% of the area is covered by dry forests dominated by Pinus ponderosa, Pseudotsuga menziesii and contains a diversity of lower vegetation ranging from a grass savannah on the less-productive sites to shrub and forb dominated vegetation on the more-productive sites. An estimated 18% of the area is covered by moist mixed conifer forests with some places growing up to 10 different conifer species, in addition to a diversity of surface vegetation often dominated by shrub and forb vegetation (e.g., with Pinus monticola and Tsuga heterophylla).

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    Citation

    Jain, Theresa B.; Graham, Russell T. 2015. Restoring dry and moist forests of the inland northwestern United States [Chapter 23]. In: Stanturf, John A., ed. Restoration of Boreal and Temperate Forests, Second Edition. New York: CRC Press. p. 467-493.

    Keywords

    dry forests, moist forests, mixed forests, conifer forest, Pinus ponderosa, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Pinus monticola, Tsuga heterophylla

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