Skip to Main Content
Comprehensive inventory of true flies (Diptera) at a tropical siteAuthor(s): Brian V. Brown; Art Borkent; Peter H. Adler; Dalton de Souza Amorim; Kevin Barber; Daniel Bickel; Stephanie Boucher; Scott E. Brooks; John Burger; Zelia L. Burington; Renato S. Capellari; Daniel N. R. Costa; Jeffrey M. Cumming; Greg Curler; Carl W. Dick; John H. Epler; Eric Fisher; Stephen D. Gaimari; Jon Gelhaus; David A. Grimaldi; John Hash; Martin Hauser; Heikki Hippa; Sergio Ibanez-Bernal; Mathias Jaschhof; Elena P. Kameneva; Peter H. Kerr; Valery Korneyev; Cheslavo A. Korytkowski; Giar-Ann Kung; Gunnar Mikalsen Kvifte; Owen Lonsdale; Stephen A. Marshall; Wayne Mathis; Verner Michelsen; Stefan Naglis; Allen L. Norrbom; Steven Paiero; Thomas Pape; Alessandre Pereira-Colavite; Marc Pollet; Sabrina Rochefort; Alessandra Rung; Justin B. Runyon; Jade Savage; Vera C. Silva; Bradley J. Sinclair; Jeffrey H. Skevington; John O. Stireman; John Swann; F. Christian Thompson; Pekka Vilkamaa; Terry Wheeler; Terry Whitworth; Maria Wong; D. Monty Wood; Norman Woodley; Tiffany Yau; Thomas J. Zavortink; Manuel A. Zumbado
Source: Communications Biology. 1: 21.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
View PDF (607.0 KB)
DescriptionEstimations of tropical insect diversity generally suffer from lack of known groups or faunas against which extrapolations can be made, and have seriously underestimated the diversity of some taxa. Here we report the intensive inventory of a four-hectare tropical cloud forest in Costa Rica for one year, which yielded 4332 species of Diptera, providing the first verifiable basis for diversity of a major group of insects at a single site in the tropics. In total 73 families were present, all of which were studied to the species level, providing potentially complete coverage of all families of the order likely to be present at the site. Even so, extrapolations based on our data indicate that with further sampling, the actual total for the site could be closer to 8000 species. Efforts to completely sample a site, although resource-intensive and time-consuming, are needed to better ground estimations of world biodiversity based on limited sampling.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationBrown, Brian V.; Borkent, Art; Adler, Peter H.; Amorim, Dalton de Souza; Barber, Kevin; Bickel, Daniel; Boucher, Stephanie; Brooks, Scott E.; Burger, John; Burington, Zelia L.; Capellari, Renato S.; Costa, Daniel N. R.; Cumming, Jeffrey M.; Curler, Greg; Dick, Carl W.; Epler, John H.; Fisher, Eric; Gaimari, Stephen D.; Gelhaus, Jon; Grimaldi, David A.; Hash, John; Hauser, Martin; Hippa, Heikki; Ibanez-Bernal, Sergio; Jaschhof, Mathias; Kameneva, Elena P.; Kerr, Peter H.; Korneyev, Valery; Korytkowski, Cheslavo A.; Kung, Giar-Ann; Kvifte, Gunnar Mikalsen; Lonsdale, Owen; Marshall, Stephen A.; Mathis, Wayne; Michelsen, Verner; Naglis, Stefan; Norrbom, Allen L.; Paiero, Steven; Pape, Thomas; Pereira-Colavite, Alessandre; Pollet, Marc; Rochefort, Sabrina; Rung, Alessandra; Runyon, Justin B.; Savage, Jade; Silva, Vera C.; Sinclair, Bradley J.; Skevington, Jeffrey H.; Stireman, John O., III; Swann, John; Thompson, F. Christian; Vilkamaa, Pekka; Wheeler, Terry; Whitworth, Terry; Wong, Maria; Wood, D. Monty; Woodley, Norman; Yau, Tiffany; Zavortink, Thomas J.; Zumbado, Manuel A. 2018. Comprehensive inventory of true flies (Diptera) at a tropical site. Communications Biology. 1: 21.
Keywordsflies, Diptera, tropical insects, taxa, Costa Rica, sampling, extrapolations
- Wood CO2 efflux in a primary tropical rain forest
- Remarkable fly (Diptera) diversity in a patch of Costa Rican cloud forest: Why inventory is a vital science
- Variation in foliar respiration and wood CO2 efflux rates among species and canopy layers in a wet tropical forest
XML: View XML