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    Author(s): R.O. Curtis; D.S. DeBell; C.A. Harrington; D.P. Lavender; J.B. St. Clair; J.C. Tappeiner; J.D. Walstad
    Date: 1998
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-435. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 123 p
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (4.0 MB)


    Silvicultural knowledge and practice have been evolving in the Pacific Northwest for nearly a century. Most research and management activities to date have focused on two major topics: (1) methods to regenerate older, naturally established forests after fire or timber harvest; and (2) growth and management of young stands. Today forest managers can reliably regenerate the major conifer and hardwood species under most conditions by using combinations of natural and artificial regeneration. They also can control stand density and species composition and growth of individual trees, thereby influencing stand structure. Available growth models can reasonably predict the outcome of growing conifer stands under a range of densities, species composition, and management scenarios, providing tree numbers by size class as well as crown characteristics and wood yields. Most silvicultural efforts have been financed through and directed toward production of wood. Although some other values have been produced or improved in conjunction with such activities, public interest and emphasis on nontimber values have increased. It has become apparent that some values are not benefitted by silvicultural practices aimed solely at wood production. In most situations, however, desired nontimber values can be enhanced by silvicultural measures implemented for their direct benefit or by some modifications of practices applied primarily to produce wood. We discuss the historical development of silviculture in the Pacific Northwest and review the silvicultural practices currently available to forest managers. We then point out how these practices can be modified and used to maintain and produce wildlife habitat, diverse stand structures (including those usually associated with old forests) and pleasing scenery, while also producing wood products. Most of the silvicultural knowledge needed to design and implement regimes for integrated production of these multiple values already exists.

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    Curtis, R.O.; DeBell, D.S.; Harrington, C.A.; Lavender, D.P.; St. Clair, J.B.; Tappeiner, J.C.; Walstad, J.D. 1998. Silviculture for multiple objectives in the Douglas-fir region. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-435. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 123 p


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    Ecosystem management, multiple use, silvicultural systems, wildlife habitat, thinning, landscape management, forest ecology, Douglas-fir

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