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    Author(s): Natalie A. Bolon; Christopher S. Hansen-Murray; Richard W. Haynes
    Date: 1995
    Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-344. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 80 p
    Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.95 MB)


    Implications of the interim comprehensive strategy for improved Pacific salmon and steelhead habitat management (PACFISH) were estimated for those Bureau of Land Management (BLM) districts and National Forest System (NFS) lands west of the Rocky Mountains that have anadromous fish. The physical impacts and associated mitigation costs from implementing the PACFISH strategy over the the next decade in Pacific Northwest, Intermountain, Northern, Pacific Southwest, and Alaska Region National Forest and BLM district recreation, range, and timber programs were analyzed with the actual current output as the base. Economic considerations were added to evaluate any change in the perceived ranking of severity among the impacts. Two cases were considered in the analysis: a derived worst case, where a total reduction of the actual current output of the programs in anadromous fishbearing drainages occurs (giving a minimum value for the programs in those drainages), and a mitigated case where all or part of the loss is mitigated and the cost of doing so is evaluated with two phases, one without economics and the other with it. For the mitigated case without economics, the undiscounted mitigation costs per year for 10 years and the annual physical impacts of implementing the interim direction over the current actual output for the three resource programs (recreation, range, and timber) were estimated. This mitigated case, without economic consideration, showed that on both BLM and NFS land the greatest physical losses occur in the timber programs, whereas the greatest cost overall occurs in the recreation program. Individually, the range program on the BLM lands showed the greater cost. Under an economic analysis, however, the present value of the lost output over time was included as a cost, along with the present value of the mitigation costs. The total of both these costs from the mitigated case would have to be less than the total value of the current program, calculated in the worst case, to maintain an order of efficiency. For both BLM and NFS lands, the recreation and timber programs across drainages containing anadromous fish showed greater value than both types of economics costs. The range program was fairly close in value and cost on NFS lands, but the costs associated with implementing the PACFISH strategy on BLM lands were definitely greater than the value of their range program, which calls into question the efficiency of the latter and possibly the former. The ranking of severity among the programs for the estimated physical impacts and those impacts when economics considerations are added change as well. When lost resources are valued, the BLM lands show the greatest loss in their recreation program rather than in timber. The current recreation programs on both BLM and NFS lands seem significantly more valuable than the other two programs, and the magnitude of difference between the value of the current program and the costs of applying the PACFISH strategy is also significantly greater for recreation.

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    Bolon, Natalie A.; Hansen-Murray, Christopher S.; Haynes, Richard W. 1995. Estimated economic impacts on the timber range and recreation programs on NFS and BLM public lands from adopting the proposed interim PACFISH. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-344. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 80 p


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    Bureau of Land Management, National Forests, anadromous fish, economic impacts, habitat management, PACFISH, policy analysis, salmon

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