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Chapter 2: Climate, disturbance, and vulnerability to vegetation change in the Northwest Forest Plan AreaAuthor(s): Matthew J. Reilly; Thomas A. Spies; Ramona Butz Littell; John B. . Kim
Source: Synthesis of science to inform land management within the Northwest Forest Plan area. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-966. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 29-93.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
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DescriptionClimate change is expected to alter the composition, structure, and function of forested ecosystems in the United States (Vose et al. 2012). Increases in atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (e.g., carbon dioxide [CO2]) and temperature, as well as altered precipitation and disturbance regimes (e.g., fire, insects, pathogens, and windstorms), are expected to have profound effects on biodiversity, socioeconomics, and the delivery of ecosystem services within the Northwest Forest Plan (NWFP, or Plan) area over the next century (Dale et al. 2001, Franklin et al. 1991). The ecological interactions and diversity of biophysical settings in the region are complex. The effects of climate change on ecological processes will occur through a variety of mechanisms at a range of spatial scales and levels of biological organization, ranging from the physiological responses of individual plants to the composition and structure of stands and landscapes (Peterson et al. 2014a). Understanding and incorporating how climate change projections and the potential ecological effects and uncertainties differ within the region (e.g., Deser et al. 2012) is essential for developing adaptation and mitigation strategies.
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CitationReilly, Matthew J.; Spies, Thomas A.; Littell, Ramona Butz; Kim, John B. . 2018. Chapter 2: Climate, disturbance, and vulnerability to vegetation change in the Northwest Forest Plan Area. In: Spies, T.A.; Stine, P.A.; Gravenmier, R.; Long, J.W.; Reilly, M.J., tech. coords. 2018. Synthesis of science to inform land management within the Northwest Forest Plan area. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-966. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 29-93.
KeywordsNorthwest Forest Plan, science, management, restoration, northern spotted owl, marbled murrelet, climate change, socioeconomic, environmental justice.
- Chapter 3: Old growth, disturbance, forest succession, and management in the area of the Northwest Forest Plan
- Chapter 8: Socioeconomic well-being and forest management in northwest forest plan- area communities
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