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    Author(s): Justin M. Becknell; Michael Keller; Daniel Piotto; Marcos Longo; Maiza Nara dos-Santos; Marcos A. Scaranello; Rodrigo Bruno de Oliveira Cavalcante; Stephen Porder
    Date: 2018
    Source: Biotropica
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
    PDF: Download Publication  (858.0 KB)

    Description

    Secondary forests account for more than half of tropical forests and represent a growing carbon sink, but rates of biomass accumulation vary by a factor of two or more even among plots in the same landscape. To better understand the drivers of this variability, we used airborne lidar to measure forest canopy height and estimate biomass over 4529 ha at Serra do Conduru Park in Southern Bahia, Brazil. We measured trees in 30 georeferenced field plots (0.25-ha each) to estimate biomass using allometry. Then we estimated aboveground biomass density (ABD) across the lidar study area using a statistical model developed from our field plots. This model related the 95th percentile of the distribution of lidar return heights to ABD. We overlaid this map of ABD on a Landsat-derived forest age map to determine rates of biomass accumulation. We found rapid initial biomass regeneration (~6 Mg/ha yr), which slowed as forests aged. We also observed high variability in both height and biomass across the landscape within forests of similar age. Nevertheless, a regression model that accounted for spatial autocorrelation and included forest age, slope, and distance to roads or open areas explained 62 and 77 percent of the landscape variation in ABD and canopy height, respectively. Thus, while there is high spatial heterogeneity in forest recovery, and the drivers of this heterogeneity warrant further investigation, we suggest that a relatively simple set of predictor variables is sufficient to explain the majority of variance in both height and ABD in this landscape.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Becknell, Justin M.; Keller, Michael; Piotto, Daniel; Longo, Marcos; Nara dos-Santos, Maiza; Scaranello, Marcos A.; Bruno de Oliveira Cavalcante, Rodrigo; Porder, Stephen. 2018. Landscape-scale lidar analysis of aboveground biomass distribution in secondary Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Biotropica. 50(3): 520-530. https://doi.org/10.1111/btp.12538.

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    Keywords

    tropical forests, secondary forests, biomass, LiDAR, aboveground biomass density.

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/56519