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    Author(s): Romina Gazis; Laura Poplawski; William Klingeman; Sarah L. Boggess; Robert N. Trigiano; Andrew D. Graves; Steven J. Seybold; Denita Hadziabdic
    Date: 2018
    Source: Fungal Biology. 122(4): 241-253
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.0 MB)


    Thousand Cankers Disease (TCD) affects Juglans and Pterocarya species. This disease poses not only a major threat to the nut and timber industries but also to native stands of walnut trees. Galleries created by Pityophthorus juglandis (vector) are colonized by the fungus Geosmithia morbida (causal agent of necrosis). It is unknown if other fungi colonizing these galleries might act antagonistically towards G. morbida. The objectives of this study were to: (1) characterize the fungal community associated with TCD-infected trees and (2) develop a pilot study addressing their potential antagonism towards G. morbida. We collected non-Geosmithia fungi from ten TCD-infected walnut trees from California and Tennessee. Four hundred and fifty-seven isolates, representing sixty-five Operational Taxonomic Units (99 % ITS similarity) were obtained. Fungal communities were found to be highly diverse. Ophiostoma dominated the communities associated with TCD-compromised trees from California, whereas Trichoderma dominated TCD-compromised trees in Tennessee. Six Trichoderma isolates showed varying levels of antagonism against three isolates of G. morbida, suggesting potential applications for the biological control of TCD. Furthermore, results from this study contribute to the growing knowledge about the observed differential disease development between the western and eastern USA and could overall impact our understanding of TCD etiology.

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    Gazis, Romina; Poplawski, Laura; Klingeman, William; Boggess, Sarah L.; Trigiano, Robert N.; Graves, Andrew D.; Seybold, Steven J.; Hadziabdic, Denita. 2018. Mycobiota associated with insect galleries in walnut with thousand cankers disease reveals a potential natural enemy against Geosmithia morbida. Fungal Biology. 122(4): 241-253.


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    Biological control, Juglans, Pityophthorus juglandis, Trichoderma, Walnut twig beetle

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