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    Author(s): Umesh P. AgarwalSally A. RalphRichard S. ReinerCarlos Baez
    Date: 2018
    Source: Carbohydrate Polymers. 190: 262-270.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)


    A new method is proposed for estimation of cellulose crystallinity (CrI) based on 93 cm−1 Raman band in spectra of cellulose I materials. In this method (93-Raman), CrI was determined based on regression that was developed using the ratios of peak-heights of the 93 and 1096 cm−1 Raman bands (I93/I1096). For calibration purposes, a set of eight samples, all derived from cotton microcrystalline cellulose Whatman CC31 were selected. When the peak intensity ratios (I93/I1096) were plotted against the calculated CrIs of the calibration set samples, the plot showed an excellent linear correlation (R2=0.9888). The 93-Raman method was used to estimate crystallinities of a number of cellulose materials including poplar wood samples that were hydrothermally treated at various temperatures. The wood 93-Raman CrI data showed that the method is able to differentiate between organized and crystalline phases of cellulose, a capability lacking in many other CrI estimation methods.

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    Agarwal, Umesh P.; Ralph, Sally A.; Reiner, Richard S.; Baez, Carlos. 2018. New cellulose crystallinity estimation method that differentiates between organized and crystalline phases. Carbohydrate Polymers. 190: 262-270.


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    Cellulose crystallinity, Raman spectroscopy, Low frequency, Organized, Crystalline, Hydrothermal, Wood

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