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Sediment delivery, flood control, and physical ecosystem services in southern California chaparral landscapesAuthor(s): Peter M. Wohlgemuth; Keith A. Lilley
Source: Valuing chaparral: ecological, socio-economic, and management perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing: 181-205. Chapter 7.
Publication Series: Book Chapter
Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
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DescriptionSouthern California chaparral environments, with steep mountain slopes, semi-arid climate, and non-cohesive soils, are very erosive landscapes. Wildfire is the dominant ecological disturbance event in chaparral and it greatly accelerates flooding and erosion, which are directly and/or indirectly related to the loss of the protective vegetation. Since the 1920s, dams and debris basins have been constructed by public works agencies to protect the growing population and infrastructure of southern California by intercepting and impounding flows of water and debris. Dams also capture stream runoff for supplying water to downstream agriculture and urban populations. Major sediment inflows into dams and debris basins following fire can reduce capacity and threaten the ability to provide flood control and water supply. Chaparral provides physical ecosystem services that aid in flood hazard reduction, sediment retention, and the supply of water as well as protecting habitat for endangered species and soil quality.
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CitationWohlgemuth, Peter M.; Lilley, Keith A. 2018. Sediment delivery, flood control, and physical ecosystem services in southern California chaparral landscapes. In: Underwood, E.C.; Safford, H.D.; Molinari, N.A.; Keeley, J.E., eds. Valuing chaparral: ecological, socio-economic, and management perspectives. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing: 181-205. Chapter 7.
Keywordsfire, chaparral, sediment delivery, flood control, ecosystem services
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