Skip to Main Content
Unique challenges and opportunities for northeastern US crop production in a changing climateAuthor(s): David W. Wolfe; Arthur T. DeGaetano; Gregory M. Peck; Mary Carey; Lewis H. Ziska; John Lea-Cox; Armen R. Kemanian; Michael P. Hoffmann; David Y. Hollinger
Source: Climatic Change
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
View PDF (921.0 KB)
DescriptionClimate change may both exacerbate the vulnerabilities and open up new opportunities for farming in the Northeastern USA. Among the opportunities are double-cropping and new crop options that may come with warmer temperatures and a longer frost-free period. However, prolonged periods of spring rains in recent years have delayed planting and offset the potentially beneficial longer frost-free period.Water management will be a serious challenge for Northeast farmers in the future, with projections for increased frequency of heavy rainfall events, as well as projections for more frequent summer water deficits than this historically humid region has experienced in the past. Adaptations to increase resilience to such changes include expanded irrigation capacity, modernized water monitoring and irrigation scheduling, farm drainage systems that collect excess rain into ponds for use as a water source during dry periods, and improved soil water holding capacity and drainage. Among the greatest vulnerabilities over the next several decades for the economically important perennial fruit crop industry of the region is an extended period of spring frost risk associated with warmer winter and early spring temperatures. Improved real-time frost warning systems, careful site selection for new plantings, and use of misting, wind machine, or other frost protection measures will be important adaptation strategies. Increased weed and pest pressure associated with longer growing seasons and warmer winters is another increasingly important challenge. Pro-active development of non-chemical control strategies, improved regional monitoring, and rapidresponse plans for targeted control of invasive weeds and pests will be necessary.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, email@example.com if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationWolfe, David W.; DeGaetano, Arthur T.; Peck, Gregory M.; Carey, Mary; Ziska, Lewis H.; Lea-Cox, John; Kemanian, Armen R.; Hoffmann, Michael P.; Hollinger, David Y. 2018. Unique challenges and opportunities for northeastern US crop production in a changing climate. Climatic Change. 146(1-2): 231-245. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-017-2109-7.
- Pest Control For Container-Grown Longleaf Pine
- Understanding the science of climate change: Talking points - Impacts to the Eastern Woodlands and Forests
- Red tree vole / Arborimus longicaudus.
XML: View XML