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    Author(s): Kathleen Wolf
    Date: 2017
    Source: Washington Park Arboretum Bulletin. 78(4): 18-22.
    Publication Series: Magazines or Trade Publications
    Station: Pacific Northwest Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (3.0 MB)


    The magazine article is an informal review of a wide range of research, spanning multiple decades, concerning human health benefits derived from experiences of nearby nature in urbanized places. The actionable information is aimed at professional, manager, and concerned citizen audiences who may have an interest in urban design and planning, as well as urban forestry. A framework of benefits is presented, including Active Living, Stress Reduction, Mental Health and Function, Healing and Therapy, and Social Cohesion. In addition, the article offers suggestions for integrating the research findings into evidence-based urban planning and design, including topics of Neighborhood Walkability, Plant Selection and Placement, Welcoming Spaces, Making Sense of it All, and Co-Design for Co-Benefits. The article content was derived from the Green Cities: Good Health web site, a cooperative project of the USDA Forest Service (Research and S&P deputy areas) and University of Washington (Seattle), and is a research synthesis, science delivery product intended for professional and manager audiences.

    Publication Notes

    • Visit PNW's Publication Request Page to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Wolf, Kathleen L. 2017. Nature for human health and wellness. Washington Park Arboretum Bulletin. 78(4): 18-22.


    Urban forestry, human health, ecosystem services, urban natural resources stewardship, urban planning.

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