Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub


    The exposure of wood to elevated temperatures during hot water extraction (HWE) has been shown to significantly influence a variety of physical and chemical properties of the wood. Aspen (Populus tremuloides) and hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)strands underwent HWE at 160° C for four different periods of time. The weight loss (WL) associated with the processes ranged from 2.9 to 17.3% for the aspen, and from 2.9 to 12.8% for the hemlock. The higher WL associated with the hardwood was attributed to higher hemicellulose content in the hardwood than in the softwood as well as differences in chemical composition. Substantial increases in cell wall hardness (up to 34%) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) (up to 28%) were obtained at the intermediate extraction conditions. Extended exposure conditions resulted in decreases. The axial MOE of strands showed significant differences only in aspen. These changes are hypothesized to be related, in part, to changes in cellulose crystallinity.

    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Paredes, J. J.; Shaler, S.; Howell, C.; Jakes, J. 2017. Influence of hot water extraction on cell wall and OSB strand mechanics. Wood Science and Technology. 51(6): 1307-1319.


    Google Scholar


    OSB, nanoindentation, hardness, modulus of elasticity

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page