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    Author(s): Mercedes Bustamante; Eileen H. Helmer; Steven Schill; Jayne Belnap; Laura K. Brown; Ernesto Brugnoli; Jana E. Compton; Richard H. Coupe; Marcello Hernández-Blanco; Forest Isbell; Julie Lockwood; Juan Pablo Lozoya Ascárate.; David McGuire; Anibal Pauchard; Ramon Pichs-Madruga; Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues; Gerardo Arturo Sanchez- Azofeifa; Alvaro Soutullo; Avelino Suarez; Elizabeth Troutt
    Date: 2018
    Source: In IPBES (2018): The IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for the Americas.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: International Institute of Tropical Forestry
    PDF: Download Publication  (1.0 MB)


    Publication Notes

    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Bustamante, M.; Helmer, E. H.; Schill, S.; Belnap, J.; Brown, L. K.; Brugnoli, E.; Compton, J. E.; Coupe, R. H.; Hernández-Blanco, M.; Isbell, F.; Lockwood, J.; Lozoya Ascárate. J. P., McGuire, D.; Pauchard, A.; PichsMadruga, R.; Rodrigues, R. R.; Sanchez- Azofeifa, G. A.; Soutullo, A.; Suarez, A.; Troutt, E.; Thompson, L. 2018. Chapter 4: Direct and indirect drivers of change in biodiversity and nature’s contributions to people. In IPBES (2018): The IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for the Americas. Rice, J.; Seixas, C. S.; Zaccagnini, M. E.; Bedoya-Gaitán, M.; Valderrama, N. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Bonn, Germany, pp. 335-509.


    biodiversity, nature, people, policy makers.

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