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    Author(s): Tao Qiang; Jinwu Wang; Michael P. Wolcott
    Date: 2018
    Source: Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 57(13): 1288-1295.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Forest Products Laboratory
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    A solvent-free route was developed to fabricate 100% biobased, renewable, and degradable polylactide (PLA) composites reinforced will ball-milled celluloses. The results show that the original pulp cellulose fibers were modified to partial amorphization through 30-min ball milling. Filling the ball-milled celluloses into PLA increased the tensile modulus for the resultant cellulose/PLA composite materials, while decreased their tensile strength and impact resistance. This method can be used to access the cost-efficient PLA-based composite materials with tunable mechanical properties. The variation analysis shows that filling content contributed more to the variations of their mechanical properties than that particle size did.

    Publication Notes

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Qiang, Tao; Wang, Jinwu; Wolcott, Michael P. 2018. Facile preparation of cellulose/polylactide composite materials with tunable mechanical properties. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 57(13): 1288-1295.

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    Keywords

    Ball milling, cellulose, mechanical properties, polylactide, statistical analysis

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