Skip to Main Content
Best friends forever: The whitebark pine and Clark's nutcrackerAuthor(s): Robert E. Keane; Samuel A. Cushman
Source: The Wildlife Professional. September/October: 48-52.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
PDF: View PDF (474.0 KB)
DescriptionIt’s late fall in the high mountains of western North America and the whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) forests are alive with activity. Birds and mammals are feasting on the pine’s copious amounts of large seeds. When the cones ripen, the competition for the fatty, nutritious seeds - which contain “more energy than chocolate per unit of weight” according to the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology - is a sight to see.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationKeane, Robert E.; Cushman, Samuel A. 2018. Best friends forever: The whitebark pine and Clark's nutcracker. The Wildlife Professional. September/October: 48-52.
Keywordswhitebark pine, Pinus albicaulis, Clark’s nutcracker, Nucifraga columbiana
- A review of the literature on seed fate in whitebark pine and the life history traits of Clark’s nutcracker and pine squirrels.
- Strategies for managing whitebark pine in the presence of white pine blister rust [Chapter 17]
- Insects of whitebark pine with emphasis on mountain pine beetle
XML: View XML