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Best friends forever: The whitebark pine and Clark's nutcrackerAuthor(s): Robert E. Keane; Samuel A. Cushman
Source: The Wildlife Professional. September/October: 48-52.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
PDF: View PDF (474.0 KB)
DescriptionIt’s late fall in the high mountains of western North America and the whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) forests are alive with activity. Birds and mammals are feasting on the pine’s copious amounts of large seeds. When the cones ripen, the competition for the fatty, nutritious seeds - which contain “more energy than chocolate per unit of weight” according to the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology - is a sight to see.
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CitationKeane, Robert E.; Cushman, Samuel A. 2018. Best friends forever: The whitebark pine and Clark's nutcracker. The Wildlife Professional. September/October: 48-52.
Keywordswhitebark pine, Pinus albicaulis, Clark’s nutcracker, Nucifraga columbiana
- A review of the literature on seed fate in whitebark pine and the life history traits of Clark’s nutcracker and pine squirrels.
- Strategies for managing whitebark pine in the presence of white pine blister rust [Chapter 17]
- Insects of whitebark pine with emphasis on mountain pine beetle
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