Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Samuel L. Manzello; Raphaele Blanchi; Michael J. Gollner; Daniel Gorham; Sara McAllister; Elsa Pastor; Eulalia Planas; Pedro Reszka; Sayaka Suzuki
    Date: 2018
    Source: Fire Safety Journal. 100: 76-92.
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.0 MB)


    Large outdoor fires present a risk to the built environment. Wildfires that spread into communities, referred to as Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) fires, have destroyed communities throughout the world, and are an emerging problem in fire safety science. Other examples are large urban fires including those that have occurred after earthquakes. Research into large outdoor fires, and how to potentially mitigate the loss of structures in such fires, lags other areas of fire safety science research. At the same time, common characteristics between fire spread in WUI fires and urban fires have not been fully exploited. In this paper, an overview of the large outdoor fire risk to the built environment from each region is presented. Critical research needs for this problem in the context of fire safety science are provided. The present paper seeks to develop the foundation for an international research needs roadmap to reduce the risk of large outdoor fires to the built environment.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Manzello, Samuel L.; Blanchi, Raphaele; Gollner, Michael J.; Gorham, Daniel; McAllister, Sara; Pastor, Elsa; Planas, Eulalia; Reszka, Pedro; Suzuki, Sayaka. 2018. Summary of workshop large outdoor fires and the built environment. Fire Safety Journal. 100: 76-92.


    Google Scholar


    WUI, built environment, outdoor fires, fire safety science

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page