Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Tamara Ticktin; Kelly Kindscher; Sara Souther; Weisberg; Peter; James L. Chamberlain; Susan Hummel; Christine Mitchell; Suzanne Sanders
    Date: 2018
    Source: In: Chamberlain, James L.; Emery, Marla R.; Patel-Weynand, Toral, eds. 2018. Assessment of nontimber forest products in the United States under changing conditions. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–232. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (977.0 KB)


    Hundreds of plant and fungi species (chapter 2) are harvested each year for nontimber forest products (NTFPs) because they play important roles in the cultural (chapter 4), social (chapter 5), and economic (chapter 6) lives of individuals and communities across the United States. Most of these species are harvested from natural populations, where they play important ecological roles, including providing food, cover, and habitat for diverse wildlife, including pollinators, and contribute to nutrient cycling, hydrological cycles, and erosion control. The continued use of NTFPs is contingent on each species ability to persist over the long term in their landscapes and with the qualities that people value. Species persistence depends in part on their ecological characteristics, the human and plant communities in which they grow, as well as the threats they face. This chapter reviews the effects of NTFP harvest on plant individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems and then presents case studies of seven heavily harvested NTFPs in the United States. We conclude with a summary of key fndings and recommendations.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Ticktin, Tamara; Kindscher, Kelly; Souther, Sara; Weisberg; Peter; Chamberlain, James L.; Hummel, Susan; Mitchell, Christine; Sanders, Suzanne. 2018. Chapter 3 - Ecological dimensions of nontimber forest product harvest

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page