Skip to Main Content
U.S. Forest Service
Caring for the land and serving people

United States Department of Agriculture

Home > Search > Publication Information

  1. Share via EmailShare on FacebookShare on LinkedInShare on Twitter
    Dislike this pubLike this pub
    Author(s): Eric M. Benbow; Philip S. Barton; Michael D. Ulyshen; James C. Beasley; Travis L. DeVault; Michael S. Strickland; Jeffery K. Tomberlin; Heather R. Jordan; Jennifer L. Pechal
    Date: 2018
    Source: Ecological Monographs
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Southern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (2.0 MB)


    Decomposition contributes to global ecosystem function by contributing to nutrient recycling, energy flow, and limiting biomass accumulation. The decomposer organisms influencing this process form diverse, complex, and highly dynamic communities that often specialize on different plant or animal resources. Despite performing the same net role, there is a need to conceptually synthesize information on the structure and function of decomposer communities across the spectrum of dead plant and animal resources. A lack of synthesis has limited cross-disciplinary learning and research in important areas of ecosystem and community ecology. Here we expound on the “necrobiome” concept and develop a framework describing the decomposer communities and their interactions associated with plant and animal resource types within multiple ecosystems. We outline the biotic structure and ecological functions of the necrobiome, along with how the necrobiome fits into a broader landscape and ecosystem context. The expanded necrobiome model provides a set of perspectives on decomposer communities across resource types, and conceptually unifies plant and animal decomposer communities into the same framework, while acknowledging key differences in processes and mechanisms. This framework is intended to raise awareness among researchers, and advance the construction of explicit, mechanistic hypotheses that further our understanding of decomposer community contributions to biodiversity, the structure and function of ecosystems, global nutrient recycling and energy flow.

    Publication Notes

    • You may send email to to request a hard copy of this publication.
    • (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
    • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.


    Benbow, Eric M.; Barton, Philip S.; Ulyshen, Michael D.; Beasley, James C.; DeVault, Travis L.; Strickland, Michael S.; Tomberlin, Jeffery K.; Jordan, Heather R.; Pechal, Jennifer L.  Necrobiome framework for bridging decomposition ecology of autotrophically and heterotrophically derived organic matter. Ecological Monographs, 0(0),. 2018. 26 p.


    biodiversity, carrion, community assembly, decomposition, detritus, ecosystem, nteractions, litter, microbial ecology, nutrient cycling, organic matter.

    Related Search

    XML: View XML
Show More
Show Fewer
Jump to Top of Page