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    Author(s): Mark A. Goddard; Karen Ikin; Susannah B. Lerman
    Date: 2017
    Source: In: Murgui, Enrique; Hedblom, Marcus, eds. Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing AG: 371-397.
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Northern Research Station
    PDF: Download Publication  (401.0 KB)

    Description

    Residential landscapes with private yards and gardens are a major land cover in many cities, represent a considerable opportunity for bird conservation and enhance human experiences with wildlife. The number of studies of birds in residential landscapes is increasing worldwide, but a global-scale perspective on this research is lacking. Here we review the research conducted on birds in residential settings to explore how birds respond to this novel habitat and how private gardens can be designed and managed to enhance their value for bird populations and for human well-being. We examine the key ecological and social drivers that influence birds and draw particular attention to the importance of scale, the role of bird feeding, the predation risk from cats and the relationship between native vegetation and bird diversity. The success of bird conservation initiatives in residential landscapes hinges on collaboration between a range of stakeholders, and we conclude the chapter by making recommendations for urban planners and evaluating policy tools for incentivising householders and communities to conserve birds in their neighbourhoods.

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    • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

    Citation

    Goddard, Mark A.; Ikin, Karen; Lerman, Susannah B. 2017. Ecological and Social Factors Determining the Diversity of Birds in Residential Yards and Gardens. In: Murgui, Enrique; Hedblom, Marcus, eds. Ecology and Conservation of Birds in Urban Environments. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing AG: 371-397. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43314-1_18.

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    Keywords

    Private gardens, Socio-ecology, Supplementary feeding, Cat predation, Urban planning

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