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Fire and tree death: Understanding and improving modeling of fire-induced tree mortalityAuthor(s): Sharon M. Hood; J. Morgan Varner; Phillip van Mantgem; C. Alina. Cansler
Source: Environmental Research Letters. 13: 113004.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
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How Does Fire Kill Trees?
DescriptionEach year wildland fires kill and injure trees on millions of forested hectares globally, affecting plant and animal biodiversity, carbon storage, hydrologic processes, and ecosystem services. The underlying mechanisms of fire-caused tree mortality remain poorly understood, however, limiting the ability to accurately predict mortality and develop robust modeling applications, especially under novel future climates. Virtually all post-fire tree mortality prediction systems are based on the same underlying empirical model described in Ryan and Reinhardt (1988 Can. J. For. Res. 18 1291-7), which was developed from a limited number of species, stretching model assumptions beyond intended limits. We review the current understanding of the mechanisms of fire-induced tree mortality, provide recommended standardized terminology, describe model applications and limitations, and conclude with key knowledge gaps and future directions for research. We suggest a two-pronged approach to future research: (1) continued improvements and evaluations of empirical models to quantify uncertainty and incorporate new regions and species and (2) acceleration of basic, physiological research on the proximate and ultimate causes of fire-induced tree mortality to incorporate processes of tree death into models. Advances in both empirical and process fire-induced tree modeling will allow creation of hybrid models that could advance understanding of how fire injures and kills trees, while improving prediction accuracy of fire-driven feedbacks on ecosystems and landscapes, particularly under novel future conditions.
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CitationHood, Sharon M.; Varner, J. Morgan; van Mantgem, Phillip; Cansler, C. Alina. 2018. Fire and tree death: Understanding and improving modeling of fire-induced tree mortality. Environmental Research Letters. 13: 113004.
Keywordspost-fire mortality, disturbance interactions, climate-mediated fire effects
- Drivers and mechanisms of tree mortality in moist tropical forests
- A way forward for fire-caused tree mortality prediction: Modeling a physiological consequence of fire
- Tree injury and mortality in fires: developing process-based models
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