Skip to Main Content
Workplace incivility and employee sleep: The role of rumination and recovery experiencesAuthor(s): Caitlin A. Demsky; Charlotte Fritz; Leslie B. Hammer; Anne E. Black
Source: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 24(2): 228-240.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Rocky Mountain Research Station
Download Publication (191.0 KB)
DescriptionThis study examines the role of negative work rumination and recovery experiences in explaining the association between workplace incivility and employee insomnia symptoms. Drawing on the perseverative cognition model of stress and the effort-recovery model, we hypothesize a moderated mediation model in which workplace incivility is associated with insomnia symptoms via negative work rumination. This indirect effect is proposed to be conditional on employees' reported level of recovery experiences (i.e., psychological detachment from work and relaxation during nonwork time). In examining this model, we further establish a link between workplace incivility and sleep and identify one pathway to explain this relationship, as well as resources that may be used to halt the negative spillover of workplace incivility on sleep. Based on a sample of 699 U.S. Forest Service employees, we find support for a moderated mediation model in which the association between workplace incivility and increased insomnia symptoms via increased negative work rumination was weakest for employees reporting high levels of recovery experiences during nonwork time. Findings from the current study contribute to our understanding of why workplace incivility is associated with nonwork outcomes, as well as point to implications for interventions aimed at promoting employees' recovery from work.
- You may send email to firstname.lastname@example.org to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationDemsky, Caitlin A.; Fritz, Charlotte; Hammer, Leslie B.; Black, Anne E. 2019. Workplace incivility and employee sleep: The role of rumination and recovery experiences. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 24(2): 228-240.
Keywordsworkplace incivility, negative work rumination, psychological detachment, relaxation, sleep quality
- Associations between worksite walkability, greenness, and physical activity around work
- Tracking MODIS NDVI time series to estimate fuel accumulation
- Impacts of extended working hours in logging
XML: View XML