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    Author(s): David R. Weise; Timothy J. Johnson; WeiMin Hao; Marko Princevac; Nicole Scharko; Ashley Oeck; Tanya L. Myers; Steve BakerEmily Lincoln; AmirHessam Aminfar
    Date: 2018
    Source: Advances in Forest Fire Research 2018. Coimbra, Portugal: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra: 534-541
    Publication Series: Book Chapter
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (1.0 MB)

    Description

    Pyrolysis of intact wildland fuels in the southern United States is being measured at bench, wind tunnel, and field scales as part of a larger research project to measure and model pyrolysis of wildland fuels to improve models used to predict prescribed fire behavior. Traditional pyrolysis experiments typically use dried, ground samples in either an inert or oxidizing environment subject to uniform heating and heat transfer. Fletcher and others are presenting results of pyrolysis experiments using a flat-flame burner to heat intact foliage from 14 species of plants native to the southern U.S. at this conference. The fuel beds in prescribed burns in southern pine forests are composed of a mixture of dead pine needles and a large variety of herbaceous and woody plants. We have burned 73 fuel beds composed of Pinus palustris needles and mixtures of Lyonia lucida, Ilex glabra, and Vaccinium darrowii plants in a wind tunnel facility with and without a moderate wind speed of ~ 1 m s-1. The flame from the spreading fire is the heat source for the pyrolysis experiment. Canister samples of pyrolysis and flaming combustion gases within the fuel bed have been collected for offline analysis. Open path spectrometers nonintrusively measured composition of pyrolysis gases in real-time. Thermocouples, a Schmidt-Boelter heat flux sensor, a nadir thermal IR camera, and background-oriented Schlieren photography estimated heat transfer and air flow around the plants. This presentation will present results of this ongoing work.

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    Citation

    Weise, David R.; Johnson, Timothy J.; Hao, WeiMin; Princevac, Marko; Scharko, Nicole; Oeck, Ashley; Myers, Tanya L.; Baker, Steve; Lincoln, Emily; Aminfar, AmirHessam. 2018. Measurement of pyrolysis products from mixed fuel beds during fires in a wind tunnel. In: Viegas, D. X., ed. Advances in Forest Fire Research 2018. Coimbra, Portugal: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra: 534-541.

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    Keywords

    pyrolysis, longleaf, fetterbush, inkberry, sparkleberry, background-oriented Schlieren

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