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    Author(s): Christopher Fettig; Laura Lowrey; Darren Blackford; Joel McMillin; A Steven Munson; Leif A. Mortenson
    Date: 2018
    Source: Journal of Economic Entomology. 111(6): 2979-2982
    Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
    Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
    PDF: View PDF  (111.0 KB)

    Description

    High-value trees, such as those growing in residential, recreational, or administrative sites, are often susceptible to colonization by bark beetles (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) as a result of increased amounts of stress associated with off-site plantings, drought, soil compaction, and/or mechanical injury. The value of these trees, cost of removing dead trees, and loss of aesthetics often justify the use of insecticides to protect trees from mortality attributed to bark beetles. Carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate) is among the most effective, economically-viable, and ecologically-compatible insecticides available for protecting conifers from several species of bark beetles in the western United States. Treatments are usually applied in spring prior to initiation of flight of the target species. We evaluated the efficacy of spring and fall applications of carbaryl for protecting individual ponderosa pine, Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws. (Pinales: Pinaceae), from mortality attributed to mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in Idaho. Both spring and fall treatments of 2.0% a.i. carbaryl (maximum label rate; Sevin SL, Bayer Environmental Science, Montvale, NJ 07645) provided one field season of protection, and thus should be applied annually if tree protection is desired for multiple years. Our research also provides some insight on the efficacy of carbaryl treatments after wildfire. We found no evidence that a mixed-severity wildfire negatively affected the efficacy of carbaryl treatments.

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    Citation

    Fettig, Christopher J; Lowrey, Laura L; Blackford, Darren C; McMillin, Joel D; Munson, A Steven; Mortenson, Leif A. 2018. Efficacy of spring and fall treatments of carbaryl for protecting ponderosa pine from mortality attributed to mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Economic Entomology. 111(6): 2979-2982. https://doi.org/10.1093/jee/toy259.

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    Keywords

    bole spray, insecticide, Pinus ponderosa, tree protection

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https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/57553