Skip to Main Content
Forests, houses, or both? Relationships between land cover, housing characteristics, and resident socioeconomic status across ecoregionsAuthor(s): Miranda H. Mockrin; Dexter H. Locke; Susan I Stewart; Roger B. Hammer; Volker C. Radeloff
Source: Journal of Environmental Management
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Station: Northern Research Station
Download Publication (2.0 MB)
DescriptionResidential development is one of the most intensive and widespread land uses in the United States, with substantial environmental impacts, including changes in forest cover. However, the relationships between forest cover and residential development are complex. Contemporary forest cover reflects multiple factors, including housing density, time since development, historical land cover, and land management since development. We investigated how forest cover varies with housing density, housing age, and household income over a range of development intensities, in six ecoregions within New York State, Wisconsin, and Colorado. We find areas with residential development do retain important forest resources: across landscapes they are typically more forested than areas that remain undeveloped. However, forest cover consistently had a negative, inverse relationship with housing density, across study areas. Relationships between forest cover and housing age and household income were less common and often restricted to only portions of a given region, according to geographically weighted regression analyses. A better understanding of how forest cover varies with residential development, outside of the typically studied urban areas, will be essential to maintaining ecosystem function and services in residential landscapes.
- Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat.
- During the capture process some typographical errors may occur.
- Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
CitationMockrin, Miranda H.; Locke, Dexter H.; Stewart, Susan I.; Hammer, Roger B.; Radeloff, Volker C. 2019. Forests, houses, or both? Relationships between land cover, housing characteristics, and resident socioeconomic status across ecoregions. Journal of Environmental Management. 234: 464-475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.001.
KeywordsResidential development, Forest, Land cover, Housing, Sprawl
- Associations of forest bird species richness with housing and landscape pattern across the United States
- Changes in land use and housing on resource lands in Washington state, 1976–2006
- Housing development erodes avian community structure in U.S. protected areas
XML: View XML