Parasitoid aggregation and the stabilization of a salt marsh host-parasitoid systemAuthor(s): John D. Reeve; James T. Cronin; Donald R. Strong
Source: Ecology 75(2): 288-295
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
PDF: View PDF (1.0 MB)
DescriptionWe examine a salt marsh host-parasitoid system, consisting of the planthopper Prokelisia marginata and its egg parasitoid Anagrus delicatus, for evidence of stabilizing parasitoid behavior. We first determine if there is sufficient parasitoid aggregation to potentially stabilize the Prokelisia-Anagrus interactions, using methods that infer parasitoid behavior from the spatial pattern of parasitism. We then test a basic assumption implicit in theory, that the degree of parasitoid aggregation is invariant with respect to changes in overall host and parasitoid density, and through time. Our results suggest that Anagrus behavior should, in theory, exert a consistent stabilizing effect on Prokelisia-Anagrus dynamics. Using field experiments, and direct sampling of the spatial distribution of parasitoids, we then try to determine if parasitoid aggregation is in fact responsible for the heterogeneous pattern of parasitism observed in the field. The results of these studies indicate that there is insufficient parasitoid aggregation to account for this heterogeneity. Instead, factors such as the degree of tidal inundation, or the age of host eggs, may cause host patches to differ in their vulnerability to parasitoid attack.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication.
- (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
CitationReeve, John D.; Cronin, James T.; Strong, Donald R. 1994. Parasitoid aggregation and the stabilization of a salt marsh host-parasitoid system. Ecology 75(2): 288-295
Keywordsaggregation, behavior, parasitoid, salt marsh, stability
Habitat heterogeneity: importance of salt marsh pools and high marsh surfaces to fish production in two Gulf of Maine salt marshes
- Effects of simulated drought on the carbon balance of Everglades short-hydroperiod marsh
- Community structure and abundance of benthic infaunal invertebrates in Maine fringing marsh ecosystems
XML: View XML