Valuation of the economic impact of wildland fires on landscape and recreation resources: a proposal to incorporate them on damages valuationAuthor(s): Juan Ramón Molina; Francisco Rodríguez y Silva
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-261 (English). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 228-238.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Station: Pacific Southwest Research Station
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Even when they account for a large part of damages caused by forest fires on environmental and landscape services they are seldom included in the valuation of damage assessments. Some fires within natural parks have caused significantly larger impacts on these environmental and landscape services (nonmarket) than on market services.
The economic valuation of forest fires impacts on environmental and landscape services requires indirect valuation techniques like the travel cost or contingent valuation methods. There are differences on welfare estimates depending on the geographic zone analyzed; In the Natural Park de Aracena y Picos de Arrocho, for example, varying between 25-91 €/visitor. For the same area the recreation and leisure valuation reaches upwards of21€ million.
The methodological process goes beyond a simple economic valuation because it includes the resources net-value-change depending on fire intensity level. Using an inventory of 14 fires and a survey we developed a resource depreciation net-value-change matrix of environmental services values or depreciation based on fire intensity levels, which is directly related to flame length. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) smooth the integration of fire behavior information and the economic valuation providing a tool for the analysis of the territory economic vulnerability. This allows for the methodological procedure to be used in a prevention mode (through the fire potential behavior) or in a post-fire mode (through a field inventory). With the objective to identify the relative importance of the leisure recreation and landscape services resources within a burned area we provide an economic valuation of fire economic impact for four fires (Obejo, Cerro Vertice, Cerro Catena, and Alhama).
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CitationMolina, Juan Ramón; Rodríguez y Silva, Francisco. 2019. Valuation of the economic impact of wildland fires on landscape and recreation resources: a proposal to incorporate them on damages valuation. In: González-Cabán, Armando; Sánchez, José J., tech. eds. Proceedings of the fifth international symposium on fire economics, planning, and policy: ecosystem services and wildfires. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-261 (English). Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station: 228-238.
Keywordsdepreciation rate, socioeconomic vulnerability, travel cost valuation
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